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Solar System Exploration Augmented by In-Situ Resource Utilization: Human Mercury and Saturn ExplorationHuman and robotic missions to Mercury and Saturn are presented and analyzed. Unique elements of the local planetary environments are discussed and included in the analyses and assessments. Historical studies of space exploration, in-situ resource utilization (ISRU), and industrialization all point to the vastness of natural resources in the solar system. Advanced propulsion benefitted from these resources in many ways. While advanced propulsion systems were proposed in these historical studies, further investigation of nuclear options using high power nuclear thermal and nuclear pulse propulsion as well as advanced chemical propulsion can significantly enhance these scenarios. Updated analyses based on these historical visions will be presented. Nuclear thermal propulsion and ISRU enhanced chemical propulsion landers are assessed for Mercury missions. At Saturn, nuclear pulse propulsion with alternate propellant feed systems and Titan exploration with chemical propulsion options are discussed.
Document ID
Document Type
Technical Memorandum (TM)
Palaszewski, Bryan A. (NASA Glenn Research Center Cleveland, OH, United States)
Date Acquired
May 6, 2020
Publication Date
May 1, 2020
Subject Category
Lunar and Planetary Science and Exploration
Report/Patent Number
Meeting Information
AIAA SciTech(Kissimmee, FL)
Distribution Limits
Public Use Permitted.
Technical Review
NASA Peer Committee

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NameType 20200003172.pdf STI

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IDRelationTitle20150004114See AlsoSolar System Exploration Augmented by In-Situ Resource Utilization: Human Mercury and Saturn Exploration