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common habitat base camp for moon and mars surface operationsThe Common Habitat uses the SLS Core Stage Liquid Oxygen tank as the primary structure (similar to Skylab) and has an internal architecture compatible with microgravity, lunar gravity, and Mars gravity, such that identical versions of the same design can be used in all three environments. Applying the large dimensions and eight-person crew size of the Common Habitat to a surface architecture leads to a unique base camp configuration. A notional such base camp is described in this analysis. The base camp includes four distributed zones – habitation, landing, power, and resource production. The base camp is deployed and assembled in three phases: site preparation, element staging, and habitat delivery, each of which are briefly discussed. Crew arrival and departure is discussed, including variations caused by orbital mechanics-induced differences between the Moon and Mars base camps. Trash and logistics operations are described. Finally, crew operations within the base camp are described.
Document ID
Document Type
Conference Paper
Robert L. Howard Jr.
(Johnson Space Center Houston, Texas, United States)
Date Acquired
August 26, 2021
Subject Category
Spacecraft Design, Testing and Performance
Meeting Information
AIAA ASCEND 2021(Online)
Funding Number(s)
WBS: 452582.81.72
Distribution Limits
Work of the US Gov. Public Use Permitted.
Technical Review
Single Expert
Lunar Outpost
Mars Base
Base Camp
Surface Exploration
Pressurized Rover
Surface Logistics
Surface Fission Power

Available Downloads

NameType A Common Habitat Basecamp for Moon and Mars Surface Operations.pdf STI