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yonkers urban development ii: leveraging nasa earth observations to support modeling urban cooling interventions and urban heat vulnerability in yonkers, new york The City of Yonkers, New York, located in Westchester County, is experiencing rising temperatures which are a growing threat to the health and safety of its residents. Furthermore, the risk of heat-related illnesses and mortality disproportionately affects neighborhoods in Yonkers historically subjected to race-based housing segregation. To better understand these inequities, Groundwork Hudson Valley and NASA DEVELOP collaborated for a second term to evaluate community-level heat vulnerability, landcover distribution, street-level thermal comfort, and modeled urban cooling interventions. This team applied 2019 5-year American Community Survey (ACS) data and social and biophysical heat vulnerability variables established by the New York State Department of Health (NYSDOH), along with land surface temperature (LST) data collected from Landsat 8 Thermal Infrared Sensor (TIRS), and ISS ECOsystem Spaceborne Thermal Radiometer Experiment on Space Station (ECOSTRESS) to identify communities in Yonkers in need of prioritized cooling intervention at the census tract level. Data from the Real-Time Mesoscale Analysis (RTMA) provided relevant meteorological data for the ENVI-met model to conduct street-level thermal observations and model tree canopy cooling interventions in the Yonkers neighborhoods of Kimball and Old 7th Ward. The project results will support the prioritization and equitable distribution of cooling infrastructure in identified neighborhoods. Additionally, Groundwork Hudson Valley will use the analyses as a heat literacy tool to improve advocacy efforts and inform both residents and officials about how investment in deliberate modification to tree canopy cover improves the city’s thermal environment and helps mitigate extreme heat.
Document ID
20220000550
Document Type
Other - DEVELOP Fall 2021 technical report
Authors
Tamara Barbakova
(Science Systems & Applications, Inc. Hampton, VA, USA)
Lauren Mahoney
(Science Systems & Applications, Inc. Hampton, VA, USA)
Akshay Agrawal
(Science Systems & Applications, Inc. Hampton, VA, USA)
Amanda Trakas
(Science Systems & Applications, Inc. Hampton, VA, USA)
Kyle Pecsok
(Science Systems & Applications, Inc. Hampton, VA, USA)
Date Acquired
January 26, 2022
Publication Date
February 1, 2022
Subject Category
Earth Resources and Remote Sensing
Funding Number(s)
WBS: 970315.02.02.01.08
CONTRACT_GRANT: NNL16AA05C
Distribution Limits
Public
Copyright
Public Use Permitted.
Technical Review
Professional Review

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NameType 2021Fall_AZ_YonkersUrbanII_TechPaper_FD-final.docx STI