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Safe Human Expeditions Beyond Low Earth Orbit (LEO)The NASA Engineering and Safety Center (NESC) conducted an interdisciplinary study and workshop focusing on capabilities needed for crew health and safety on long-duration deep space expeditions in support of the Artemis Program and missions to Mars. The study focused on integration among four disciplines: 1) space weather monitoring and forecasting, 2) shielding technologies, 3) human health research, and 4) human factors engineering tools. An integrated risk assessment was performed to inform characteristics of mission architecture and capabilities needed for safe, long-duration human expeditions beyond low Earth orbit. This report contains the outcome of the NESC assessment.
Document ID
Document Type
Technical Memorandum (TM)
Azita Valinia
(Goddard Space Flight Center Greenbelt, Maryland, United States)
John R Allen
(National Aeronautics and Space Administration Washington D.C., District of Columbia, United States)
David R Francisco
(Johnson Space Center Houston, Texas, United States)
Joseph I Minow
(Langley Research Center Hampton, Virginia, United States)
Jonathan A Pellish
(Goddard Space Flight Center Greenbelt, Maryland, United States)
Alonso H Vera
(Ames Research Center Mountain View, California, United States)
Date Acquired
February 18, 2022
Publication Date
February 1, 2022
Subject Category
Man/System Technology And Life Support
Report/Patent Number
Funding Number(s)
WBS: 869021.
Distribution Limits
Work of the US Gov. Public Use Permitted.
Technical Review
NASA Peer Committee
Low Earth Orbit
NASA Engineering and Safety Center
Human Expedition
Galactic Cosmic Rays
Space Weather
Shielding Technologies
Artificial Gravity
Human Systems Integration Architecture
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