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Approaches To Humans-Mars Both Safe and AffordableThe fundamental differences regarding the Moon vs. Mars for humans include far longer
missions and greater resources required for Mars. In humans-Mars planning, thus far the extant
technologies and approaches have not enabled missions which are both fully safe/healthy for
humans and affordable. Cost reductions are required to afford health and safety and to reduce
their costs. This report suggests and examines a wide spectrum of approaches to improve the
affordability of humans-Mars approaches to ensure human safety and health during long
distance space exploration and pioneering-on-the-way to colonization with humans-Mars as the
Document ID
Document Type
Technical Memorandum (TM)
Dennis M. Bushnell
(Langley Research Center Hampton, Virginia, United States)
Robert Moses
(Langley Research Center Hampton, Virginia, United States)
Sang Choi
(Langley Research Center Hampton, Virginia, United States)
Date Acquired
May 11, 2022
Publication Date
July 1, 2022
Subject Category
Lunar And Planetary Science And Exploration
Space Transportation And Safety
Funding Number(s)
WBS: 736466.
Distribution Limits
Work of the US Gov. Public Use Permitted.
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