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Microcraters formed in glass by projectiles of various densitiesAn experiment was conducted investigating the effect of projectile density on the structure and size of craters in soda lime glass and fused quartz. The projectiles were spheres of polystyrene-divinylbenzene (PS-DVB), aluminum, and iron with velocities between 0.5 and 15 km/sec and diameters between 0.4 and 5 microns. The projectile densities spanned the range expected for primary and secondary particles of micrometer size at the lunar surface, and the velocities spanned the lower range of micrometeoroid velocities and the upper range of secondary projectile velocities. There are changes in crater morphology as the impact velocity increases, and the transitions occur at lower velocities for the projectiles of higher density. The sequence of morphological features of the craters found for PS-DVB impacting soda lime glass for increasing impact velocity, described in a previous work (Mandeville and Vedder, 1971), also occurs in fused quartz and in both targets with the more dense aluminum and iron projectiles. Each transition in morphology occurs at impact velocities generating a certain pressure in the target. High density projectiles require a lower velocity than low-density projectiles to generate a given shock pressure.
Document ID
Acquisition Source
Legacy CDMS
Document Type
Reprint (Version printed in journal)
Vedder, J. F.
Mandeville, J.-C.
(NASA Ames Research Center Moffett Field, Calif., United States)
Date Acquired
August 7, 2013
Publication Date
August 10, 1974
Publication Information
Publication: Journal of Geophysical Research
Volume: 79
Subject Category
Structural Mechanics
Accession Number
Distribution Limits

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