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Skylab task and work performance /Experiment M-151 - Time and motion study/The primary objective of Experiment M151 was to study the inflight adaptation of Skylab crewmen to a variety of task situations involving different types of activity. A parallel objective was to examine astronaut inflight performance for any behavioral stress effects associated with the working and living conditions of the Skylab environment. Training data provided the basis for comparison of preflight and inflight performance. Efficiency was evaluated through the adaptation function, namely, the relation of performance time over task trials. The results indicate that the initial changeover from preflight to inflight was accompanied by a substantial increase in performance time for most work and task activities. Equally important was the finding that crewmen adjusted rapidly to the weightless environment and became proficient in developing techniques with which to optimize task performance. By the end of the second inflight trial, most of the activities were performed almost as efficiently as on the last preflight trial. The analysis demonstrated the sensitivity of the adaptation function to differences in task and hardware configurations. The function was found to be more regular and less variable inflight than preflight. Translation and control of masses were accomplished easily and efficiently through the rapid development of the arms and legs as subtle guidance and restraint systems.
Document ID
Document Type
Reprint (Version printed in journal)
Kubis, J. F. (Fordham University New York, N.Y., United States)
Mclaughlin, E. J. (Fordham University New York, N.Y.; NASA, Office of Life Sciences, Washington, D.C., United States)
Date Acquired
August 8, 2013
Publication Date
April 1, 1975
Subject Category
Distribution Limits