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Application of gaseous core reactors for transmutation of nuclear wasteAn acceptable management scheme for high-level radioactive waste is vital to the nuclear industry. The hazard potential of the trans-uranic actinides and of key fission products is high due to their nuclear activity and/or chemical toxicity. Of particular concern are the very long-lived nuclides whose hazard potential remains high for hundreds of thousands of years. Neutron induced transmutation offers a promising technique for the treatment of problem wastes. Transmutation is unique as a waste management scheme in that it offers the potential for "destruction" of the hazardous nuclides by conversion to non-hazardous or more manageable nuclides. The transmutation potential of a thermal spectrum uranium hexafluoride fueled cavity reactor was examined. Initial studies focused on a heavy water moderated cavity reactor fueled with 5% enriched U-235-F6 and operating with an average thermal flux of 6 times 10 to the 14th power neutrons/sq cm-sec. The isotopes considered for transmutation were I-129, Am-241, Am-242m, Am-243, Cm-243, Cm-244, Cm-245, and Cm-246.
Document ID
19780018925
Document Type
Conference Paper
Authors
Schnitzler, B. G. (Florida Univ. Gainesville, FL, United States)
Paternoster, R. R. (Florida Univ. Gainesville, FL, United States)
Schneider, R. T. (Florida Univ. Gainesville, FL, United States)
Date Acquired
August 9, 2013
Publication Date
September 1, 1976
Publication Information
Publication: Princeton Univ. Partially Ionized Plasmas, Including the 3rd Symp. on Uranium Plasmas
Subject Category
NUCLEAR AND HIGH-ENERGY PHYSICS
Distribution Limits
Public
Copyright
Work of the US Gov. Public Use Permitted.

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IDRelationTitle19780018894Analytic PrimaryPartially Ionized Plasmas, Including the Third Symposium on Uranium Plasmas