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On the origin of Hawking mini black-holes and the cold early universeA simple argument is outlined leading to the result that the mass of mini black holes exploding today is 10 to the 15th power g. A mathematical model is discussed which indicates that the equation of state is greatly softened in the high-density regime and a phase transition may exist, such that any length (particularly very small sizes) will grow with time irrespective of its relation to the size of the particle horizon. It is shown that the effect of spin-2 mesons with respect to the equation of state is to soften the pressure and make it negative. An analytical expression is given for the probability that any particular region in a hot early universe will evolve into a black hole.
Document ID
Document Type
Reprint (Version printed in journal)
Canuto, V. (NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies; City College New York, N.Y., United States)
Date Acquired
August 9, 2013
Publication Date
September 1, 1978
Publication Information
Publication: Royal Astronomical Society
Subject Category
Distribution Limits