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Stratospheric aerosols and climatic changeStratospht1ic sulfuric acid particles scatter and absorb sunlight and they scatter, absorb and emit terrestrial thermal radiation. These interactions play a role in the earth's radiation balance and therefore affect climate. The stratospheric aerosols are perturbed by volcanic injection of SO2 and ash, by aircraft injection of SO2, by rocket exhaust of Al2O3 and by tropospheric mixing of particles and pollutant SO2 and COS. In order to assess the effects of these perturbations on climate, the effects of the aerosols on the radiation balance must be understood and in order to understand the radiation effects the properties of the aerosols must be known. The discussion covers the aerosols' effect on the radiation balance. It is shown that the aerosol size distribution controls whether the aerosols will tend to warm or cool the earth's surface. Calculations of aerosol properties, including size distribution, for various perturbation sources are carried out on the basis of an aerosol model. Calculations are also presented of the climatic impact of perturbed aerosols due to volcanic eruptions and Space Shuttle flights.
Document ID
19790031093
Document Type
Conference Proceedings
Authors
Toon, O. B.
(NASA Ames Research Center Moffett Field, CA, United States)
Pollack, J. B.
(NASA Ames Research Center Moffett Field, Calif., United States)
Date Acquired
August 9, 2013
Publication Date
January 1, 1978
Subject Category
Environment Pollution
Meeting Information
Meeting: In: Joint Conference on Sensing of Environmental Pollutants
Location: New Orleans, LA
Start Date: November 6, 1977
End Date: November 11, 1977
Accession Number
79A15106
Distribution Limits
Public
Copyright
Other

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