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Record 1 of 18128
Tropical sea surface temperature - An interactive one-dimensional atmosphere-ocean model
External Online Source: doi:10.1016/0377-0265(78)90014-3
Author and Affiliation:
Sarachik, E. S.(Harvard University, Cambridge, Mass., United States)
Abstract: It is shown that the (cumulus) convective processes in the tropics may be described by a one-dimensional cloud model, while the near-surface ocean may similarly be described by a one-dimensional mixed-layer model. The coupling is achieved through a sea surface flux budget combined with the flux parameterizations implied by Monin-Obukhov similarity theory. The coupled one-dimensional atmosphere-ocean model is applied to the equilibrium situation in which all temperatures reach a steady state. For the ocean, the fluxes must vanish in equilibrium, but the atmosphere maintains a stable lapse rate by balancing cumulonimbus heating against net radiative cooling. All water precipitating from cumulonimbus clouds must have evaporated from the sea. It is shown that this equilibrium system is closed and determinable solely in terms of the solar constant.
Publication Date: Nov 01, 1978
Document ID:
19790035343
(Acquired Dec 01, 1995)
Accession Number: 79A19356
Subject Category: OCEANOGRAPHY
Document Type: Journal Article
Publication Information: Dynamics of Atmospheres and Oceans; 2; Nov. 197
Publisher Information: Netherlands
Contract/Grant/Task Num: NSG-5160
Financial Sponsor: NASA; United States
Organization Source: Harvard Univ.; Cambridge, MA, United States
Description: 15p; In English
Distribution Limits: Unclassified; Publicly available; Unlimited
Rights: Copyright
NASA Terms: AIR WATER INTERACTIONS; ATMOSPHERIC MODELS; OCEAN MODELS; OCEAN SURFACE; SURFACE TEMPERATURE; TROPICAL REGIONS; ATMOSPHERIC MOISTURE; ATMOSPHERIC TEMPERATURE; CUMULUS CLOUDS; DYNAMIC MODELS; RADIATIVE HEAT TRANSFER; SURFACE LAYERS; TRANSITION LAYERS; TROPOPAUSE; TROPOSPHERE; WATER TEMPERATURE
Imprint And Other Notes: Dynamics of Atmospheres and Oceans, vol. 2, Nov. 1978, p. 455-469.
Miscellaneous Notes: p. 455-469
Availability Source: Other Sources
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