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Charge equilibrium and radiation of low-energy cosmic rays passing through interstellar mediumThe charge equilibrium and radiation of an oxygen and an iron beam in the MeV per nucleon energy range, representing a typical beam of low-energy cosmic rays passing through the interstellar medium, are considered. Electron loss of the beam has been taken into account by means of the first Born approximation, allowing for the target atom to remain unexcited or to be excited to all possible states. Electron-capture cross sections have been calculated by means of the scaled Oppenheimer-Brinkman-Kramers approximation, taking into account all atomic shells of the target atoms and capture into all excited states of the projectile. The capture and loss cross sections are found to be within 20%-30% of the existing experimental values for most of the cases considered. Radiation of the beam due to electron capture into the excited states of the ion, collisional excitation, and collisional inner-shell ionization, taking into account the fluorescence yield of the ions, has been considered. Effective X-ray production cross sections and multiplicities for the most energetic X-ray lines emitted by the Fe and O beams have been calculated, and error estimates made for the results.
Document ID
Document Type
Reprint (Version printed in journal)
External Source(s)
Rule, D. W.
(NASA Goddard Space Flight Center Greenbelt, MD, United States)
Omidvar, K.
(NASA Goddard Space Flight Center Laboratory for Planetary Atmospheres, Greenbelt, Md., United States)
Date Acquired
August 9, 2013
Publication Date
May 1, 1979
Publication Information
Publication: Astrophysical Journal
Subject Category
Space Radiation
Accession Number
Distribution Limits

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