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Carbon dioxide electrolysis using a ceramic electrolyteThis paper discusses the results of an experimental study of the electrical aspects of carbon dioxide electrolysis using a ceramic electrolyte. The electrolyte compositions used in this study are 8% Y2O3 stabilized ZrO2, 7.5% CaO stabilized ZrO2, and 5% Y2O3 stabilized ThO2. Results indicate that the 8% Y2O3 stabilized ZrO2 is the best material to use for electrolysis, in terms of current as a function of voltage and temperature, and in terms of efficiency of oxide ion flow through it. The poorest results were obtained with the 5% Y2O3 stabilized ThO2 composition. An electrolysis system which might be employed to reclaim oxygen and carbon from effluents of space manufacturing, assuming that an industry would have to electrolyze 258,000 tonnes of CO2 per year, is predicted to require a total cell area of 110,000 sq m of 1 mm thickness and electrical capacity of 441 MW.
Document ID
19790050814
Document Type
Conference Paper
Authors
Erstfeld, T. E. (Lockheed Electronics Co. Houston, TX, United States)
Mullins, O., Jr. (Lockheed Electronics Co., Inc. Houston, Tex., United States)
Williams, R. J. (NASA Johnson Space Center Houston, Tex., United States)
Date Acquired
August 9, 2013
Publication Date
May 1, 1979
Subject Category
INORGANIC AND PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY
Report/Patent Number
AIAA PAPER 79-1375
Meeting Information
Princeton University and American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Conference on Space Manufacturing Facilities, 4th, Princeton University(Princeton, NJ)
Distribution Limits
Public
Copyright
Other