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Analysis of a fuel cell on-site integrated energy system for a residential complexThe energy use and costs of the on-site integrated energy system (OS/IES) which provides electric power from an on-site power plant and recovers heat that would normally be rejected to the environment is compared to a conventional system purchasing electricity from a utility and a phosphoric acid fuel cell powered system. The analysis showed that for a 500-unit apartment complex a fuel OS/IES would be about 10% more energy conservative in terms of total coal consumption than a diesel OS/IES system or a conventional system. The fuel cell OS/IES capital costs could be 30 to 55% greater than the diesel OS/IES capital costs for the same life cycle costs. The life cycle cost of a fuel cell OS/IES would be lower than that for a conventional system as long as the cost of electricity is greater than $0.05 to $0.065/kWh. An analysis of several parametric combinations of fuel cell power plant and state-of-art energy recovery systems and annual fuel requirement calculations for four locations were made. It was shown that OS/IES component choices are a major factor in fuel consumption, with the least efficient system using 25% more fuel than the most efficient. Central air conditioning and heat pumps result in minimum fuel consumption while individual air conditioning units increase it, and in general the fuel cell of highest electrical efficiency has the lowest fuel consumption.
Document ID
Document Type
Conference Paper
Simons, S. N. (NASA Lewis Research Center Fuel Cell Projects Office, Cleveland, Ohio, United States)
Maag, W. L. (Solar Energy Products Co. Avon Lake, Ohio, United States)
Date Acquired
August 9, 2013
Publication Date
June 1, 1979
Subject Category
Report/Patent Number
AIAA PAPER 79-0990
Meeting Information
American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Terrestrial Energy Systems Conference(Orlando, FL)
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