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Evaluation of instability forces of labyrinth seals in turbines or compressorsThe effects of a force induced by the labyrinth seal on the stability of rotor systems and the factors of the seal which affect the stability are investigated. In the analysis, it is assumed that the fluid in the seal is steady and that the rotor is set vertically in order to avoid the effects of gravity force. The force induced by the seal is expressed in terms proportional to the velocity and displacement of the rotor and is deduced to that expression for the oil film force in journal bearings. That force is taken into account in the equations of motion; then the stability of the system is discussed by energy concept. The force induced by the labyrinth seal always makes the rotor system unstable, and the tendency is marked when seal leakages are small. The resonance point of the rotor system is also affected by the labyrinth seal (the resonance point of the rotor system is removed by the seal leakages). The force induced by the labyrinth seal was measured by using a water-tunnel experimental system which was designed to measure the labyrinth seal force by using the similarity between gas and liquid flow theory.
Document ID
Acquisition Source
Legacy CDMS
Document Type
Conference Paper
Iwatsubo, T.
(Kobe Univ.)
Date Acquired
August 10, 2013
Publication Date
January 1, 1980
Publication Information
Publication: NASA. Lewis Res. Center Rotordyn. Instability Probl. in High-Performance Turbomachinery p139-167 (SEE N80-29706 20-37)
Subject Category
Mechanical Engineering
Accession Number
Distribution Limits
Work of the US Gov. Public Use Permitted.
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