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Gas-rich dwarfs and accretion phenomena in early-type galaxiesAn analysis is presented of the combined effects of cloud accretion and galactic winds and coronae. An accretion model is developed wherein gas-rich dwarf galaxies are accreted into galactic halos, which provides an adequate source of H I to account for observations of neutral gas in early-type galaxies. Accretion is found to fuel the wind, thereby regulating the accretion flow and yielding a time-dependent model for star formation, enrichment, and nuclear activity. The permissible parameter range for intergalactic gas clouds and galaxy groups is discussed, along with the frequency of gas-rich dwarfs and their large ratios of gas mass to luminosity. Also considered is the occurrence of gas stripping and the consequent formation of dwarf spheroidal systems that remain in the halo, and gas clouds that dissipate and suffer further infall. A cosmological implication of the model is that, because the characteristic time scale of a gas-rich dwarf galaxy to be accreted and lose its gas is comparable to a Hubble time, there may have been a far more extensive primordial distribution of such systems at earlier epochs.
Document ID
Document Type
Reprint (Version printed in journal)
External Source(s)
Silk, J. (California, University Berkeley, Calif., United States)
Norman, C. (Leiden, Rijksuniversiteit, Sterrewacht Leiden, Netherlands)
Date Acquired
August 10, 2013
Publication Date
November 15, 1979
Publication Information
Publication: Astrophysical Journal
Subject Category
Funding Number(s)
Distribution Limits