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Performance of the HIRS/2 instrument on TIROS-NThe High Resolution Infrared Radiation Sounder (HIRS/2) was developed and flown on the TIROS-N satellite as one means of obtaining atmospheric vertical profile information. The HIRS/2 receives visible and infrared spectrum radiation through a single telescope and selects 20 narrow radiation channels by means of a rotating filter wheel. A passive radiant cooler provides an operating temperature of 106.7 K for the HgCdTe and InSb detectors while the visible detector operates at instrument frame temperature. Low noise amplifiers and digital processing provide 13 bit data for spacecraft data multiplexing and transmission. The qualities of system performance that determine sounding capability are the dynamic range of data collection, the noise equivalent radiance of the system, the registration of the air columns sampled in each channel and the ability to upgrade the calibration of the instrument to maintain the performance standard throughout life. The basic features, operating characteristics and performance of the instrument in test are described. Early orbital information from the TIROS-N launched on October 13, 1978 is given and some observations on system quality are made.
Document ID
Document Type
Conference Proceedings
Koenig, E. W.
(ITT, ITT Aerospace/Optical Div., Fort Wayne IN, United States)
Date Acquired
August 11, 2013
Publication Date
January 1, 1980
Subject Category
Spacecraft Instrumentation
Meeting Information
Interactive Workshop on Interpretation of Remotely Sensed Data(Williamsburg, VA)
Accession Number
Funding Number(s)
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