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Record Details

Record 9 of 1783
Robots and manipulators
Author and Affiliation:
Heer, E.(California Institute of Technology, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, CA, United States)
Abstract: Robots are defined and described for various applications. The key feature of robots is programmability, which allows teleoperation, repair work in hazardous situations, and unsupervised operation in industrial functions. Two types of robots now exist: special purpose, with equipment for a specific task; and general purpose, which include nonservo-controlled robots, servo-controlled robots, and sensory control robots. Sensory robots are the most sophisticated, and are equipped with both internal control sensors and external sensors such as TV cameras, pressure detectors, laser range finders, etc. Sensory feedback to a central computer enables the robots to make appropriate modifications to the control program to adapt to new situations. Pattern recognition and scans for size are features of the TV sensors, and programs to develop a universal effector (hand) are outlined. Finally, robot programming in terms of manual, walkthrough, and textual methods are described, and the potential uses of robots for space and undersea construction and repair are discussed.
Publication Date: Nov 01, 1981
Document ID:
19820030832
(Acquired Nov 30, 1995)
Accession Number: 82A14367
Subject Category: ENGINEERING (GENERAL)
Document Type: Journal Article
Publication Information: Mechanical Engineering; 103; Nov. 198
Publisher Information: United States
Financial Sponsor: NASA; United States
Organization Source: Jet Propulsion Lab., California Inst. of Tech.; Pasadena, CA, United States
Description: 8p; In English
Distribution Limits: Unclassified; Publicly available; Unlimited
Rights: Copyright
NASA Terms: MANIPULATORS; ROBOTS; SERVOMECHANISMS; SPACE INDUSTRIALIZATION; UNDERWATER ENGINEERING; COMPUTER VISION; NUMERICAL CONTROL; PATTERN RECOGNITION; REMOTE CONTROL; REMOTE SENSORS; ROBOT CONTROL; SENSORY FEEDBACK; SERVOCONTROL; SPACE COMMERCIALIZATION
Imprint And Other Notes: Mechanical Engineering, vol. 103, Nov. 1981, p. 42-49.
Miscellaneous Notes: p. 42-49
Availability Source: Other Sources
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