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Psychological considerations in future space missionsIssues affecting human psychological adjustments to long space missions are discussed. Noting that the Shuttle flight crewmembers will not have extensive flight qualification requirements, the effects of a more heterogeneous crew mixture than in early space flights is considered to create possibilities of social conflicts. Routine space flight will decrease the novelty of a formerly unique experience, and the necessity of providing personal space or other mechanisms for coping with crowded, permanently occupied space habitats is stressed. Women are noted to display more permeable personal space requirements. The desirability of planning leisure activities is reviewed, and psychological test results for female and male characteristics are cited to show that individuals with high scores in both traditionally male and female attributes are most capable of effective goal-oriented behavior and interpersonal relationships. Finally, it is shown that competitiveness is negatively correlated with the success of collaborative work and the social climate of an environment.
Document ID
19820032317
Document Type
Other - Collected Works
Authors
Helmreich, R. L. (Texas Univ. Austin, TX, United States)
Wilhelm, J. A. (Texas Univ. Austin, TX, United States)
Runge, T. E. (Texas, University Austin, TX, United States)
Date Acquired
August 10, 2013
Publication Date
January 1, 1980
Subject Category
BEHAVIORAL SCIENCES
Funding Number(s)
CONTRACT_GRANT: NSG-2065
Distribution Limits
Public
Copyright
Other