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Record Details

Record 66 of 12007
Urban air pollution and solar energy
Author and Affiliation:
Gammon, R. B.(New South Wales, Energy Authority, Sydney, Australia)
Huning, J. R.(Jet Propulsion Lab., California Inst. of Tech., Pasadena, CA, United States)
Reid, M. S.(Jet Propulsion Lab., California Inst. of Tech., Pasadena, CA, United States)
Smith, J. H.(California Institute of Technology, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, CA, United States)
Abstract: The design and performance of solar energy systems for many potential applications (industrial/residential heat, electricity generation by solar concentration and photovoltaics) will be critically affected by local insolation conditions. The effects of urban air pollution are considered and reviewed. A study of insolation data for Alhambra, California (9 km south of Pasadena) shows that, during a recent second-stage photochemical smog alert (greater than or equal to 0.35 ppm ozone), the direct-beam insolation at solar noon was reduced by 40%, and the total global by 15%, from clean air values. Similar effects have been observed in Pasadena, and are attributable primarily to air pollution. Effects due to advecting smog have been detected 200 km away, in the Mojave Desert. Preliminary performance and economic simulations of solar thermal and photovoltaic power systems indicate increasing nonlinear sensitivity of life cycle plant cost to reductions in insolation levels due to pollution.
Publication Date: Oct 01, 1981
Document ID:
19820036604
(Acquired Nov 30, 1995)
Accession Number: 82A20139
Subject Category: ENERGY PRODUCTION AND CONVERSION
Document Type: Journal Article
Publication Information: International Journal of Ambient Energy; 2; Oct. 198
Publisher Information: United Kingdom
Contract/Grant/Task Num: NAS7-100
Financial Sponsor: NASA; United States
Organization Source: Jet Propulsion Lab., California Inst. of Tech.; Pasadena, CA, United States
Description: 13p; In English
Distribution Limits: Unclassified; Publicly available; Unlimited
Rights: Copyright
NASA Terms: AIR POLLUTION; INSOLATION; SMOG; SOLAR ENERGY; URBAN RESEARCH; CITIES; INDUSTRIAL ENERGY; PHOTOCHEMICAL REACTIONS; PHOTOVOLTAIC CONVERSION; RESIDENTIAL ENERGY; SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA
Imprint And Other Notes: International Journal of Ambient Energy, vol. 2, Oct. 1981, p. 183-195.
Miscellaneous Notes: p. 183-195
Availability Source: Other Sources
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