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Transport of water through the tropical tropopauseTotal water was measured in the high troposphere and low stratosphere over Panama during ten aircraft flights. The results show that convective storms provide the means of transporting water into the stratosphere. From a consideration of the anvil heights over different areas of the tropical zone, it follows that a negative gradient of water vapor mixing ratio with altitude must exist over most of the lower stratosphere.
Document ID
19820051670
Document Type
Reprint (Version printed in journal)
Authors
Kley, D. (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Boulder, CO, United States)
Schmeltekopf, A. L. (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Boulder, CO, United States)
Kelly, K. (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Boulder, CO, United States)
Winkler, R. H. (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Boulder, CO, United States)
Thompson, T. L. (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Boulder, CO, United States)
Mcfarland, M. (NOAA, Aeronomy Laboratory, Boulder CO, United States)
Date Acquired
August 10, 2013
Publication Date
June 1, 1982
Publication Information
Publication: Geophysical Research Letters
Volume: 9
Subject Category
METEOROLOGY AND CLIMATOLOGY
Distribution Limits
Public
Copyright
Other