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Propagation effects on radio range and noise in earth-space telecommunicationsAttention is given to the propagation effects on radio range and noise in earth-space telecommunications. The use of higher frequencies minimizes ionospheric effects on propagation, but tropospheric effects often increase or dominate. For paths of geostationary satellites, and beyond, the excess range delay caused by the ionosphere and plasmasphere is proportional to the total electron content along the path and inversely proportional to frequency squared. The delay due to dry air is usually of the order of a few meters while the delay due to water vapor (a few tens of centimeters) is responsible for most of the temporal variation in the range delay for clean air. For systems such as that of the Voyager spacecraft, and for attenuation values up to about 10 dB, increased sky noise degrades the received signal-to-noise ratio more than does the reduction in signal level due to attenuation.
Document ID
Document Type
Reprint (Version printed in journal)
Flock, W. L.
(Colorado, University Boulder, CO, United States)
Slobin, S. D.
(Colorado Univ. Boulder, CO, United States)
Smith, E. K.
(California Institute of Technology, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena CA, United States)
Date Acquired
August 11, 2013
Publication Date
December 1, 1982
Publication Information
Publication: Radio Science
Volume: 17
Subject Category
Space Communications, Spacecraft Communications, Command And Tracking
Accession Number
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