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performance of the coned-face end seal with regard to energy conservationThe effects of face coning on seal performance are evaluated with particular regard to the energy saving potential of convex conedface end seals as indicated by torque reduction. Experiments were conducted using a conventional carbon flat-face pusher-type seal, a coned-face pusher-type seal, coned-face bellows-type seal, and a modified coned-face pusher-type seal intended for dynamically unstable operation, with shaft rotation at up to 8000 rpm, pressures of up to 2758 kPa, and a petroleum-based turbine oil as lubricant. Torque at the seal interface is found to be reduced by 42% when the standard flat-face seal is replaced by a coned seal, although the leakage of the cone-face seal was 11 times greater. Reduction of seal balance from 76.1 to 51.3% resulted in an additional 44% reduction in torque, although at the expense of excessive leakage, but did not produce unstable operation. Face temperatures were reduced by 33-56 C and wear was also reduced greatly on the cone face seals. Seal performance is noted to be in agreement with analytical calculations.
Document ID
Document Type
Conference Paper
Sehnal, J.
(Crane Packing Co. Morton Grove, IL, United States)
Sedy, J.
(Crane Packing Co. Morton Grove, IL, United States)
Zobens, A.
(Crane Packing Co. Morton Grove, IL, United States)
Etsion, I.
(Technion - Israel Institute of Technology Haifa, Israel)
Date Acquired
August 11, 2013
Publication Date
October 1, 1982
Subject Category
Report/Patent Number
Meeting Information
American Society of Mechanical Engineers and American Society of Lubrication Engineers, Lubrication Conference(Washington, DC)
Distribution Limits