Plant growth and mineral recycle trade-offs in different scenarios for a CELSSData for hydroponic plant growth in a manned system test is combined with nutritional recommendations to suport trade-off calculations for closed and partially closed life support system scenarios. Published data are used as guidelines for the masses of mineral nutrients needed for higher plant production. The results of calculations based on various scenarios are presented for various combinations of plant growth chamber utilization and fraction of mineral recycle. Estimates are made of the masses of material needed to meet human nutritional requirements in the various scenarios. It appears that food production from a plant growth chamber with mineral recycle is favorable to reduction of the total launch weight in missions exceeding 3 years.
Ballou, E. V. (San Jose State Univ. CA, United States)
Wydeven, T. (San Jose State University San Jose, CA, United States)
Spitze, L. A. (NASA Ames Research Center Moffett Field, CA, United States)