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Large numbers hypothesis. II - Electromagnetic radiationThis paper develops the theory of electromagnetic radiation in the units covariant formalism incorporating Dirac's large numbers hypothesis (LNH). A direct field-to-particle technique is used to obtain the photon propagation equation which explicitly involves the photon replication rate. This replication rate is fixed uniquely by requiring that the form of a free-photon distribution function be preserved, as required by the 2.7 K cosmic radiation. One finds that with this particular photon replication rate the units covariant formalism developed in Paper I actually predicts that the ratio of photon number to proton number in the universe varies as t to the 1/4, precisely in accord with LNH. The cosmological red-shift law is also derived and it is shown to differ considerably from the standard form of (nu)(R) - const.
Document ID
Document Type
Reprint (Version printed in journal)
Adams, P. J. (California Institute of Technology, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, CA; Puget Sound, University Tacoma, WA, United States)
Date Acquired
August 11, 2013
Publication Date
January 1, 1983
Publication Information
Publication: International Journal of Theoretical Physics
Volume: 22
Issue: 5, 19
ISSN: 0020-7748
Subject Category
Distribution Limits