Effects of indirect bandgap top cells in a monolithic cascade cell structureThe effect of having a slightly indirect top cell in a three junction cascade monolithic stack is calculated. The minority carrier continuity equations are utilized to calculate individual junction performance. Absorption coefficient curves for general III-V compounds are calculated for a variety of direct and indirect gap materials. The results indicate that for a small excursion into the indirect region, (about 0.1 eV), the loss of efficiency is acceptably small (less than 2.5 percent) and considerably less than attempting to make the top junction a smaller direct bandgap.
Curtis, H. B. (NASA Lewis Research Center Cleveland, OH, United States)
Godlewski, M. P. (NASA Lewis Research Center Cleveland, OH, United States)