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Hypothermic and antipyretic effects of ACTH (1-24) and alpha-melanotropin in guinea-pigsIntracerebroventricular administration of adrenocorticotropin (ACTH 1-24) and alpha-melanotropin (alpha-MSH), peptides which occur naturally in brain induced dose-related hypothermia in guinea-pigs at room temperature (21 C) and also produced greater hypothermia at low (10 C) ambient temperature. However, when the experiments were repeated in a warm (30 C) environment, no effect on body temperature was observed. These results indicate that the peptides did not reduce the central set-point of temperature control. The hypothermia induced by ACTH and alpha-MSH was not mediated via histamine H1- or H2-receptors and serotonin since the H1-receptor antagonist, mepyramine, the H2-receptor antagonist, cimetidine, and the serotonin antagonist, methysergide, had no antagonistic effects. The peptides were antipyretic since they reduced pyrogen-induced-fever and hyperthermia due to prostaglandin E2, norepinephrine and dibutyryl cAMP, at a dose which did not affect normal body temperature. The powerful central effects of these peptides on normal body temperature, fever and hyperthermia, together with their presence of the brain regions important to temperature control, suggest that they participate in thermoregulation.
Document ID
19840046832
Document Type
Reprint (Version printed in journal)
Authors
Kandasamy, S. B. (NASA Ames Research Center Moffett Field, CA, United States)
Williams, B. A. (NASA Ames Research Center Biosystems Div., Moffett Field, CA, United States)
Date Acquired
August 12, 2013
Publication Date
January 1, 1984
Publication Information
Publication: Neuropharmacology
Volume: 23
Issue: 1, 19
ISSN: 0028-3908
Subject Category
LIFE SCIENCES (GENERAL)
Distribution Limits
Public
Copyright
Other