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The great Tambora eruption in 1815 and its aftermathThe events consequent to the cataclysmic eruption of Mount Tambora, Indonesia, in April of 1815 are reconstructed by quantitative analytical methods which synthesize data and methods from the volcanological, oceanographic, glaciological, meteorological, climatological, astronomical and historical disciplines. This eruption is noteworthy in having been an order of magnitude greater in discharged pyroclastics volume than the Krakatau eruption of 1883, and further, in exceeding the size of any known eruption in the last 10,000 years. The mean temperature in the Northern Hemisphere dropped by 0.4 to 0.7 C in 1816 as a result of its dust veil. It is suggested that Tambora may be used as a calibrating standard in the investigation of other volcanic eruptions.
Document ID
19840054083
Document Type
Reprint (Version printed in journal)
Authors
Stothers, R. B. (NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies New York, NY, United States)
Date Acquired
August 12, 2013
Publication Date
June 15, 1984
Publication Information
Publication: Science
Volume: 224
ISSN: 0036-8075
Subject Category
GEOPHYSICS
Distribution Limits
Public
Copyright
Other