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Sulphur-rich volcanic eruptions and stratospheric aerosolsData from direct measurements of stratospheric optical depth, Greenland ice-core acidity, and volcanological studies are compared, and it is shown that relatively small but sulfur-rich volcanic eruptions can have atmospheric effects equal to or even greater than much larger sulfur-poor eruptions. These small eruptions are probably the most frequent cause of increased stratospheric aerosols. The possible sources of the excess sulfur released in these eruptions are discussed.
Document ID
19840062339
Document Type
Reprint (Version printed in journal)
External Source(s)
Authors
Rampino, M. R. (NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies, New York; Lamont-Doherty Geological Observatory, Palisades NY, United States)
Self, S. (Texas, University Arlington, TX, United States)
Date Acquired
August 12, 2013
Publication Date
August 23, 1984
Publication Information
Publication: Nature
Volume: 310
ISSN: 0028-0836
Subject Category
GEOPHYSICS
Funding Number(s)
CONTRACT_GRANT: NCC5-16
CONTRACT_GRANT: NSG-5145
Distribution Limits
Public
Copyright
Other