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Observed perturbations of the Earth's Radiation Budget - A response to the El Chichon stratospheric aerosol layer?The Earth Radiation Budget experiment, launched aboard the Nimbus-7 polar-orbiting spacecraft in late 1978, has now taken over seven years of measurements. The dataset, which is global in coverage, consists of the individual components of the earth's radiation budget, including longwave emission, net radiation, and both total and near-infrared albedos. Starting some six months after the 1982 eruption of the El Chichon volcano, substantial long-lived positive shortwave irradiance anomalies were observed by the experiment in both the northern and southern polar regions. Analysis of the morphology of this phenomena indicates that the cause is the global stratospheric aerosol layer which formed from the cloud of volcanic effluents. There was little change in the emitted longwave in the polar regions. At the north pole the largest anomaly was in the near-infrared, but at the south pole the near UV-visible anomaly was larger. Assuming an exponential decay, the time constant for the north polar, near-infrared anomaly was 1.2 years. At mid- and low latitudes the effect of the El Chichon aerosol layer could not be separated from the strong reflected-shortwave and emitted-longwave perturbations issuing from the El Nino/Southern Oscillation event of 1982-83.
Document ID
19860052936
Document Type
Reprint (Version printed in journal)
Authors
Ardanuy, P. E. (Research and Data Systems, Inc. Lanham, MD, United States)
Kyle, H. L. (NASA Goddard Space Flight Center Greenbelt, MD, United States)
Date Acquired
August 12, 2013
Publication Date
April 1, 1986
Publication Information
Publication: Journal of Climate and Applied Meteorology
Volume: 25
ISSN: 0733-3021
Subject Category
GEOPHYSICS
Funding Number(s)
CONTRACT_GRANT: NAS5-27728
Distribution Limits
Public
Copyright
Other