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Airfoil gust response and the sound produced by airifoil-vortex interactionThis paper contributes to the understanding of the noise generation process of an airfoil encountering an unsteady upwash. By using a fast Fourier transform together with accurate airfoil response functions, the lift-time waveform for an airfoil encountering a delta function gust (the indicial function) is calculated for a flat plate airfoil in a compressible flow. This shows the interesting property that the lift is constant until the generated acoustic wave reaches the trailing edge. Expressions are given for the magnitude of this constant and for the pressure distribution on the airfoil during this time interval. The case of an airfoil cutting through a line vortex is also analyzed. The pressure-time waveform in the far field is closely related to the left-time waveform for the above problem of an airfoil entering a delta function gust. The effects of varying the relevant parameters in the problem are studied, including the observed position, the core diameter of the vortex, the vortex orientation and the airfoil span. The far field sound varies significantly with observer position, illustrating the importance of non-compactness effects. Increasing the viscous core diameter tends to smooth the pressure-time waveform. For small viscous core radius and infinite span, changing the vortex orientation changes only the amplitude of the pressure-time waveform, and not the shape.
Document ID
Acquisition Source
Legacy CDMS
Document Type
Reprint (Version printed in journal)
Amiet, R. K.
(United Technologies Research Center East Hartford, CT, United States)
Date Acquired
August 12, 2013
Publication Date
June 22, 1986
Publication Information
Publication: Journal of Sound and Vibration
Volume: 107
ISSN: 0022-460X
Subject Category
Accession Number
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