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Tidal influences on vertical diffusion and diurnal variability of ozone in the mesospherePossible dynamical influences on the diurnal behavior of ozone are investigated. A time dependent one-dimensional photochemical model is developed for this purpose; all model calculations are made at 70 deg N during summer. It is shown that the vertical diffusion can vary as much as 1 order of magnitude within a day as a result of large changes in the zonal wind induced by atmospheric thermal tides. It is found that by introducing a dissipation time scale for turbulence produced by breaking gravity waves, the agreement with Poker Flat echo data is improved. Comparisons of results from photochemical model calculations, where the vertical diffusion is a function of height only, with those in which the vertical diffusion coefficient is changing in time show large differences in the diurnal behavior of ozone between 70 and 90 km. By including the dynamical effect, much better agreement with the Solar Mesosphere Explorers data is obtained. The results are, however, sensitive to the background zonally averaged wind. The influence of including time-varying vertical diffusion coefficient on the OH densities is also large, especially between 80 and 90 km. This suggests that dynamical effects are important in determining the diurnal behavior of the airglow emission from the Meinel bands.
Document ID
Document Type
Reprint (Version printed in journal)
Bjarnason, Gudmundur G. (Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences Boulder, CO, United States)
Solomon, Susan (NOAA, Aeronomy Laboratory, Boulder CO, United States)
Garcia, Rolando R. (National Center for Atmospheric Research Boulder, CO, United States)
Date Acquired
August 13, 2013
Publication Date
May 20, 1987
Publication Information
Publication: Journal of Geophysical Research
Volume: 92
ISSN: 0148-0227
Subject Category
Distribution Limits