Artificial gravity - The evolution of variable gravity researchThe development of a space life science research program based on the use of rotational facilities is described. In-flight and ground centrifuges can be used as artificial gravity environments to study the following: nongravitational biological factors; the effects of 0, 1, and hyper G on man; counter measures for deconditioning astronauts in weightlessness; and the development of suitable artificial gravity for long-term residence in space. The use of inertial fields as a substitute for gravity, and the relations between the radius of the centrifuge and rotation rate and specimen height and rotation radius are examined. An example of a centrifuge study involving squirrel monkeys is presented.
Fuller, Charles A. (California, University Davis, United States)
Sulzman, Frank M. (California Univ. Davis, CA, United States)
Keefe, J. Richard (NASA Div. of Life Sciences Washington, DC, United States)