Environmental control and life support system requirements and technology needs for advanced manned space missionsNASA has completed an environmental control and life support system (ECLSS) technology R&D plan for advanced missions which gave attention to the drivers (crew size, mission duration, etc.) of a range of manned missions under consideration. Key planning guidelines encompassed a time horizon greater than 50 years, funding resource requirements, an evolutionary approach to goal definition, and the funding of more than one approach to satisfy a given perceived requirement. Attention was given to the ECLSS requirements of transportation and service vehicles, platforms, bases and settlements, ECLSS functions and average load requirements, unique drivers for various missions, and potentially exploitable commonalities among vehicles and habitats.
Powell, Ferolyn T. (Life Systems, Inc. Cleveland, OH, United States)
Sedej, Melaine (Life Systems, Inc. Cleveland, OH, United States)
Lin, Chin (NASA Johnson Space Center Houston, TX, United States)