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Tunneling effects in the current-voltage characteristics of high-efficiency GaAs solar cellsEvidence is that tunneling via states in the forbidden gap is the dominant source of excess current in the dark current-voltage (I-V) characteristics of high-efficiency DMCVD grown Al(x)Ga(1-x)As/GaAs(x is equal to or greater than 0.85) solar cells. The dark forward and reverse I-V measurements were made on several solar cells, for the first time, at temperatures between 193 and 301 K. Low-voltage reverse-bias I-V data of a number of cells give a thermal activation energy for excess current of 0.026 + or - 0.005 eV, which corresponds to the carbon impurity in GaAs. However, other energy levels between 0.02 eV and 0.04 eV were observed in some cells which may correspond to impurity levels introduced by Cu, Si, Ge, or Cd. The forward-bias excess current is mainly due to carrier tunneling between localized levels created in the space-charge layer by impurities such as carbon, which are incorporated during the solar cell growth process. A model is suggested to explain the results.
Document ID
Document Type
Reprint (Version printed in journal)
Kachare, R. (Jet Propulsion Lab., California Inst. of Tech. Pasadena, CA, United States)
Anspaugh, B. E. (California Institute of Technology Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, United States)
Garlick, G. F. J. (Jet Propulsion Lab., California Inst. of Tech. Pasadena, CA, United States)
Date Acquired
August 13, 2013
Publication Date
January 1, 1988
Publication Information
Publication: Solid-State Electronics
Volume: 31
Issue: 2, 19
ISSN: 0038-1101
Subject Category
Distribution Limits