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The Milankovitch theory and climate sensitivity. I - Equilibrium climate model solutions for the present surface conditions. II - Interaction between the Northern Hemisphere ice sheets and the climate systemA seasonal climate model was developed to test the climate sensitivity and, in particular, the Milankovitch (1941) theory. Four climate model versions were implemented to investigate the range of uncertainty in the parameterizations of three basic feedback mechanisms: the ice albedo-temperature, the outgoing long-wave radiation-temperature, and the eddy transport-meridional temperature gradient. It was found that the differences between the simulation of the present climate by the four versions were generally small, especially for annually averaged results. The climate model was also used to study the effect of growing/shrinking of a continental ice sheet, bedrock sinking/uplifting, and sea level changes on the climate system, taking also into account the feedback effects on the climate of the building of the ice caps.
Document ID
Document Type
Reprint (Version printed in journal)
Neeman, Binyamin U. (Tel-Aviv Univ. Ramat-Aviv, Tel-Aviv, Israel)
Ohring, George (Tel Aviv University Israel)
Joseph, Joachim H. (NASA Goddard Space Flight Center Greenbelt, MD; Tel Aviv University, Israel)
Date Acquired
August 13, 2013
Publication Date
September 20, 1988
Publication Information
Publication: Journal of Geophysical Research
Volume: 93
ISSN: 0148-0227
Subject Category
Distribution Limits