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Calibrating the simple biosphere model for Amazonian tropical forest using field and remote sensing data. I - Average calibration with field dataUsing meteorological and hydrological measurements taken in and above the central-Amazon-basin tropical forest, calibration of the Sellers et al. (1986) simple biosphere (SiB) model are described. The SiB model is a one-dimensional soil-vegetation-atmosphere model designed for use within GCMs models, representing the vegetation cover by analogy with processes operating within a single representative plant. The experimental systems and the procedures used to obtain field data are described, together with the specification of the physiological parameterization required to provide an average description of data. It was found that some of the existing literature on stomatal behavior for tropical species is inconsistent with the observed behavior of the complete canopy in Amazonia, and that the rainfall interception store of the canopy is considerably smaller than originally specified in the SiB model.
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Document Type
Reprint (Version printed in journal)
Sellers, Piers J. (Maryland Univ. College Park, MD, United States)
Shuttleworth, W. James (Maryland Univ. College Park, MD, United States)
Dorman, Jeff L. (Maryland, University College Park, United States)
Dalcher, Amnon (Sigma Data Computing Corp. Rockville, MD, United States)
Roberts, John M. (Institute of Hydrology Wallingford, United Kingdom)
Date Acquired
August 14, 2013
Publication Date
August 1, 1989
Publication Information
Publication: Journal of Applied Meteorology
Volume: 28
ISSN: 0894-8763
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