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calculations of the flow past bluff bodies, including tilt-rotor wing sections at alpha = 90 degAn attempt was made to model in two dimensions the effects of rotor downwash on the wing of the tilt-rotor aircraft and to compute the drag force on airfoils at - 90 deg angle of attack, using a well-established Navier-Stokes code. However, neither laminar nor turbulent calculations agreed well with drag and base-pressure measurements at high Reynolds numbers. Therefore, further efforts were concentrated on bluff-body flows past various shapes at low Reynolds numbers, where a strong vortex shedding is observed. Good results were obtained for a circular cylinder, but the calculated drag of a slender ellipse at right angles to the freestream was significantly higher than experimental values reported in the literature for flat plates. Similar anomalous results were obtained on the tilt-rotor airfoils, although the qualitative effects of flap deflection agreed with the wind tunnel data. The ensemble of results suggest that there may be fundamental differences in the vortical wakes of circular cylinders and noncircular bluff bodies.
Document ID
Document Type
Conference Paper
Raghavan, V.
(Sterling Software Palo Alto, CA, United States)
Mccroskey, W. J.
(Sterling Software, Inc. Palo Alto, CA, United States)
Baeder, J. D.
(NASA Ames Research Center; U.S. Army, Aeroflightdynamics Directorate, Moffett Field CA, United States)
Van Dalsem, W. R.
(NASA Ames Research Center Moffett Field, CA, United States)
Date Acquired
August 14, 2013
Publication Date
January 1, 1990
Subject Category
Report/Patent Number
AIAA PAPER 90-0032
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