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Toward a human-centered aircraft automation philosophyThe evolution of automation in civil aircraft is examined in order to discern trends in the respective roles and functions of automation technology and the humans who operate these aircraft. The effects of advances in automation technology on crew reaction is considered and it appears that, though automation may well have decreased the frequency of certain types of human errors in flight, it may also have enabled new categories of human errors, some perhaps less obvious and therefore more serious than those it has alleviated. It is suggested that automation could be designed to keep the pilot closer to the control of the vehicle, while providing an array of information management and aiding functions designed to provide the pilot with data regarding flight replanning, degraded system operation, and the operational status and limits of the aircraft, its systems, and the physical and operational environment. The automation would serve as the pilot's assistant, providing and calculating data, watching for the unexpected, and keeping track of resources and their rate of expenditure.
Document ID
Acquisition Source
Legacy CDMS
Document Type
Conference Paper
Billings, Charles E.
(NASA Ames Research Center Moffett Field, CA, United States)
Date Acquired
August 14, 2013
Publication Date
January 1, 1989
Subject Category
Aircraft Stability And Control
Meeting Information
Meeting: International Symposium on Aviation Psychology
Location: Columbus, OH
Country: United States
Start Date: April 17, 1989
End Date: April 20, 1989
Accession Number
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