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Record 7 of 5618
A quad-pol radar scattering model for use in remote sensing of lava flow morphology
External Online Source: doi:10.1016/0034-4257(89)90064-3
Author and Affiliation:
Campbell, Bruce A.(Hawaii Univ., Honolulu, HI, United States)
Zisk, Stanley H.(Hawaii Univ., Honolulu, HI, United States)
Mouginis-Mark, Peter J.(Hawaii, University, Honolulu, United States)
Abstract: Mapping of spatial variations in surface roughness over large regions is required to understand the nature of volcanic terrains. An invertible scattering model for quad-polarization radar data is presented to assist in the remote-sensing analysis of lava flow surface morphology. This model permits separation of the polarized part of the radar echo into quasispecular, dihedral, and small-perturbation scatterin components, based on an assumed surface dielectric constant. Tests are presented for a quad-pol scene of Craters of the Moon National Monument in Idaho, where there are a number of basaltic lava flows of differing surface morphology. Comparison of calculated model components with the observed morphology of the lava flows suggests that this technique may be useful for the remote description of changes in surface roughness. The scattering mechanisms chosen to represent the polarizing behavior of the real surface display correlations which indicate that they are sensitive to the expected scales of roughness.
Publication Date: Dec 01, 1989
Document ID:
19900054399
(Acquired Nov 28, 1995)
Accession Number: 90A41454
Subject Category: GEOPHYSICS
Document Type: Journal Article
Publication Information: Remote Sensing of Environment (ISSN 0034-4257); 30; 227-237
Publisher Information: United States
Contract/Grant/Task Num: NAGW-1162
Financial Sponsor: NASA; United States
Organization Source: Hawaii Univ.; Honolulu, HI, United States
Description: 11p; In English
Distribution Limits: Unclassified; Publicly available; Unlimited
Rights: Copyright
NASA Terms: GEOMORPHOLOGY; LAVA; RADAR GEOLOGY; RADAR SCATTERING; REMOTE SENSING; SURFACE ROUGHNESS; MATHEMATICAL MODELS; POLARIZATION (WAVES); RADAR ECHOES; SPATIAL DISTRIBUTION
Imprint And Other Notes: Remote Sensing of Environment (ISSN 0034-4257), vol. 30, Dec. 1989, p. 227-237.
Availability Source: Other Sources
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