Oxidation kinetics of model compounds of metabolic waste in supercritical waterIn this NASA-funded study, the oxidation kinetics of methanol and ammonia in supercritical water have been experimentally determined in an isothermal plug flow reactor. Theoretical studies have also been carried out to characterize key reaction pathways. Methanol oxidation rates were found to be proportional to the first power of methanol concentration and independent of oxygen concentration and were highly activated with an activation energy of approximately 98 kcal/mole over the temperature range 480 to 540 C at 246 bar. The oxidation of ammonia was found to be catalytic with an activation energy of 38 kcal/mole over temperatures ranging from 640 to 700 C. An elementary reaction model for methanol oxidation was applied after correction for the effect of high pressure on the rate constants. The conversion of methanol predicted by the model was in good agreement with experimental data.
Webley, Paul A. (Massachusetts Inst. of Tech. Cambridge, MA, United States)
Holgate, Henry R. (Massachusetts Inst. of Tech. Cambridge, MA, United States)
Stevenson, David M. (Massachusetts Inst. of Tech. Cambridge, MA, United States)
Tester, Jefferson W. (MIT Cambridge, MA, United States)