Expert systems and advanced automation for space missions operationsIncreased complexity of space missions during the 1980s led to the introduction of expert systems and advanced automation techniques in mission operations. This paper describes several technologies in operational use or under development at the National Aeronautics and Space Administration's Goddard Space Flight Center. Several expert systems are described that diagnose faults, analyze spacecraft operations and onboard subsystem performance (in conjunction with neural networks), and perform data quality and data accounting functions. The design of customized user interfaces is discussed, with examples of their application to space missions. Displays, which allow mission operators to see the spacecraft position, orientation, and configuration under a variety of operating conditions, are described. Automated systems for scheduling are discussed, and a testbed that allows tests and demonstrations of the associated architectures, interface protocols, and operations concepts is described. Lessons learned are summarized.
Durrani, Sajjad H. (NASA Office of Space Operations Washington, DC, United States)
Perkins, Dorothy C. (NASA Goddard Space Flight Center Greenbelt, MD, United States)
Carlton, P. Douglas (Computer Sciences Corp. Laurel, MD, United States)