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CELSS Breadboard Project at the Kennedy Space CenterThe CELSS Breadboard Project is described, noting that it was initiated to study aspects of a CELSS for long-term space missions. Topics for extensive investigation included air and water regeneration, engineering control, and food production. The many options available for growing food crops in commercial plant growth chambers were investigated and the best of this information was translated to the Biomass Production Chamber (BPC). The chamber contains 20 sq m of crop growing area under 96 400 W HPS lamps; sixteen 0.25 sq m plant growth trays used on each of four growing shelves for a total of 64 trays; and one 256-L nutrient solution reservoir with the appropriate continuous-flow, thin-film plumbing for each shelf. A heating, ventilating, and air-conditioning system maintains atmospheric conditions and serves to distribute oxygen and carbon dioxide and maintain pressure at 12 mm of water. The control and monitoring subsystem, which uses a programmable logic controller, manages the BPC subsystems.
Document ID
Document Type
Conference Proceedings
Prince, R. P.
(NASA John F. Kennedy Space Center Cocoa Beach, FL, United States)
Knott, W. M., III
(NASA Kennedy Space Center Cocoa Beach, FL, United States)
Date Acquired
August 15, 2013
Publication Date
January 1, 1989
Subject Category
Man/System Technology And Life Support
Accession Number
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