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Resistivity of pristine and intercalated graphite fiber epoxy compositesLaminar composites were fabricated from pristine and bromine intercalated Amoco P-55, P-75, and P-100 graphite fibers and Hysol-Grafil EAG101-1 film epoxy. The thickness and r.f. eddy current resistivity of several samples were measured at grid points and averaged point by point to obtain final values. Although the values obtained this way have high precision (less than 3 percent deviation), the resistivity values appear to be 20 to 90 percent higher than resistivities measured on high aspect ratio samples using multi-point techniques, and by those predicted by theory. The temperature dependence of the resistivity indicates that the fibers are neither damaged nor deintercalated by the composite fabrication process. The resistivity of the composites is a function of sample thickness (i.e., resin content). Composite resistivity is dominated by fiber resistivity, so lowering the resistivity of the fibers, either through increased graphitization or intercalation, results in a lower composite resistivity. A modification of the simple rule of mixtures model appears to predict the conductivity of high aspect ratio samples measured along a fiber direction, but a directional dependence appears which is not predicted by the theory. The resistivity of these materials is clearly more complex than that of homogeneous materials.
Document ID
Document Type
Reprint (Version printed in journal)
Gaier, James R.
(NASA Lewis Research Center Cleveland, OH, United States)
Hambourger, Paul D.
(NASA Lewis Research Center Cleveland, OH, United States)
Slabe, Melissa E.
(Cleveland State University OH, United States)
Date Acquired
August 15, 2013
Publication Date
January 1, 1991
Publication Information
Publication: Carbon
Volume: 29
Issue: 3 19
ISSN: 0008-6223
Subject Category
Nonmetallic Materials
Funding Number(s)
Distribution Limits
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