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Fossil fuel and biomass burning effect on climate - Heating or cooling?The basic theory of the effect of pollution on cloud microphysics and its global implications is applied to compare the relative effect of a small increase in the consumption rate of oil, coal, or biomass burning on cooling and heating of the atmosphere. The characteristics of and evidence for the SO2 induced cooling effect are reviewed. This perturbation analysis approach permits linearization, therefore simplifying the analysis and reducing the number of uncertain parameters. For biomass burning the analysis is restricted to burning associated with deforestation. Predictions of the effect of an increase in oil or coal burning show that within the present conditions the cooling effect from oil and coal burning may range from 0.4 to 8 times the heating effect.
Document ID
Document Type
Reprint (Version printed in journal)
Kaufman, Yoram J.
(NASA Goddard Space Flight Center Greenbelt, MD, United States)
Fraser, Robert S.
(NASA Goddard Space Flight Center Greenbelt, MD, United States)
Mahoney, Robert L.
(Science Systems and Applications, Inc. Seabrook, MD, United States)
Date Acquired
August 15, 2013
Publication Date
June 1, 1991
Publication Information
Publication: Journal of Climate
Volume: 4
ISSN: 0894-8755
Subject Category
Environment Pollution
Distribution Limits
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