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Record Details

Record 12 of 10236
Mars Environmental Survey (MESUR): Science objectives and mission description
Offline Availability: Go to Request Form
Author and Affiliation:
Hubbard, G. Scott(NASA Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, CA, United States)
Wercinski, Paul F.(NASA Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, CA, United States)
Sarver, George L.(NASA Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, CA, United States)
Hanel, Robert P.(NASA Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, CA, United States)
Ramos, Ruben(NASA Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, CA, United States)
Abstract: In-situ observations and measurements of Mars are objectives of a feasibility study beginning at the Ames Research Center for a mission called the Mars Environmental SURvey (MESUR). The purpose of the MESUR mission is to emplace a pole-to-pole global distribution of landers on the Martian surface to make both short- and long-term observations of the atmosphere and surface. The basic concept is to deploy probes which would directly enter the Mars atmosphere, provide measurements of the upper atmospheric structure, image the local terrain before landing, and survive landing to perform meteorology, seismology, surface imaging, and soil chemistry measurements. MESUR is intended to be a relatively low-cost mission to advance both Mars science and human presence objectives. Mission philosophy is to: (1) 'grow' a network over a period of years using a series of launch opportunities, thereby minimizing the peak annual costs; (2) develop a level-of-effort which is flexible and responsive to a broad set of objectives; (3) focus on science while providing a solid basis for human exploration; and (4) minimize project cost and complexity wherever possible. In order to meet the diverse scientific objectives, each MESUR lander will carry the following strawman instrument payload consisting of: (1) Atmospheric structure experiment, (2) Descent and surface imagers, (3) Meteorology package, (4) Elemental composition instrument, (5) 3-axis seismometer, and (6) Thermal analyzer/evolved gas analyzer. The feasibility study is primarily to show a practical way to design an early capability for characterizing Mars' surface and atmospheric environment on a global scale. The goals are to answer some of the most urgent questions to advance significantly our scientific knowledge about Mars, and for planning eventual exploration of the planet by robots and humans.
Publication Date: Jan 01, 1992
Document ID:
19920019782
(Acquired Nov 07, 1995)
Accession Number: 92N29025
Subject Category: LUNAR AND PLANETARY EXPLORATION
Document Type: Conference Paper
Publication Information: Lunar and Planetary Inst., Workshop on the Martian Surface and Atmosphere Through Time; p 74-75
Publisher Information: United States
Financial Sponsor: NASA; United States
Organization Source: NASA Ames Research Center; Moffett Field, CA, United States
Description: 2p; In English
Distribution Limits: Unclassified; Publicly available; Unlimited
Rights: No Copyright
NASA Terms: ENVIRONMENTAL SURVEYS; FEASIBILITY ANALYSIS; MARS ATMOSPHERE; MARS ENVIRONMENT; MARS LANDING; MARS PROBES; MARS SURFACE; ROBOTS; GAS ANALYSIS; IMAGING TECHNIQUES; METEOROLOGY; MISSION PLANNING; SEISMOGRAPHS; SEISMOLOGY
Imprint And Other Notes: In Lunar and Planetary Inst., Workshop on the Martian Surface and Atmosphere Through Time p 74-75 (SEE N92-28988 19-91)
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