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Lidar Monitoring of Mexico City's Atmosphere During High Air Pollution EpisodesOver the last two decades, Mexico City, like many large industrial and populous urban areas, has developed a serious air pollution problem, especially during the winter months when there are frequent temperature inversions and weak winds. The deteriorating air quality is the result of several factors. The basin within which Mexico City lies in Mexico's center of political, administrative and economic activity, generating 34 percent of the gross domestic product and 42 percent of the industrial revenue, and supporting a population which is rapidly approaching the 20 million mark. The basin is surrounded by mountains on three sides which end up preventing rapid dispersal of pollutants. Emissions from the transportation fleet (more than 3 million vehicles) are one of the primary pollution sources, and most are uncontrolled. Catalytic converters are just now working their way into the fleet. The Mexico City Air Quality Research Initiative in an international collaboration project between the Los Alamos National Laboratory and the Mexican Petroleum Institute are dedicated to the investigation of the air quality problem in Mexico City. The main objective of the project is to identify and assess the cost and benefits of major options being proposed to improve the air quality. The project is organized into three main activity areas: (1) modeling and simulation; (2) characterization and measurements; and (3) strategic evaluation.
Document ID
19920020032
Document Type
Conference Paper
Authors
Quick, C. R., Jr. (Los Alamos National Lab. NM, United States)
Archuleta, F. L. (Los Alamos National Lab. NM, United States)
Hof, D. E. (Los Alamos National Lab. NM, United States)
Karl, R. R., Jr. (Los Alamos National Lab. NM, United States)
Tiee, J. J., Jr. (Los Alamos National Lab. NM, United States)
Eichinger, W. E. (Los Alamos National Lab. NM, United States)
Holtkamp, D. B. (Los Alamos National Lab. NM, United States)
Tellier, L. (Los Alamos National Lab. NM, United States)
Date Acquired
September 6, 2013
Publication Date
July 1, 1992
Publication Information
Publication: NASA. Langley Research Center, Sixteenth International Laser Radar Conference, Part 1
Subject Category
ENVIRONMENT POLLUTION
Distribution Limits
Public
Copyright
Work of the US Gov. Public Use Permitted.
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