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Record Details

Record 1 of 1636
Airborne lidar and radiometric observations of PBL- and low clouds
Author and Affiliation:
Flamant, P. H.(Ecole Polytechnique, Palaiseau, France)
Valentin, R.(Ecole Polytechnique, Palaiseau, France)
Pelon, J.(Paris VI Univ.)
Abstract: Boundary layer- and low altitude clouds over open ocean and continent areas have been studied during several field campaigns since mid-1990 using the French airborne backscatter lidar LEANDRE in conjunction with on-board IR and visible radiometers. LEANDRE is an automatic system, and a modification of the instrumental parameters, when airborne, is computer controlled through an operator keyboard. The vertical range squared lidar signals and instrument status are displayed in real time on two dedicated monitors. The lidar is used either down- or up-looking while the aircraft is flying above or below clouds. A switching of the viewing configuration takes about a minute. The lidar measurements provide a high resolution description of cloud morphology and holes in cloud layers. The flights were conducted during various meteorological conditions on single or multilayer stratocumulus and cumulus decks. Analysis on a single shot basis of cloud top (or bottom) altitude and a plot of the corresponding histogram allows one to determine a probability density function (PDF). The preliminary results show the PDFs for cloud top are not Gaussian and symmetric about the mean value. The skewness varies with atmospheric conditions. An example of results recorded over the Atlantic ocean near Biarritz is displayed, showing: (1) the range squared lidar signals as a function of time (here 100 s corresponds to about 8 km, 60 shots are averaged on horizontal); the Planetary Boundary Layer (PBL) - up to 600 m - is observed at the beginning of the leg as well as on surface returns, giving an indication of the porosity; (2) the cloud top altitude variation between 2.4 to 2.8 km during the 150 to 320 s section; and (3) the corresponding PDF. Similar results are obtained on stratocumulus over land. Single shot measurements can be used also to determine an optical porosity at a small scale as well as a fractional cloudiness at a larger scale. A comparison of cloud top altitude retrieved from lidar and narrowbeam IR radiometer is conducted to study the scale integration problem. A good agreement within less than 100 m relies on spatial uniformity and an optically thick layer. In the presence of holes, a discrepancy is observed. This is illustrated in figure 2, displaying as a function of time (1) the lidar signals; (2) the target temperature (either clouds or sea surface) retreived from a narrowbeam IR radiometer, 17 C is the sea surface temperature on that day; and (3) the visible flux, linked to cloud albedo, measured by a pyranometer. In preparation of ASTEX, down- and up-looking measurements where conducted on stratocumulus clouds over the Atlantic Ocean near Quimper in Brittany. Depending on the flight pattern orientation with respect to the wind, the top and bottom cloud morphologies are different. Preliminary results are given on cloud morphology, cloud top PDFs, optical porosity, fractional cloudiness, and comparison of lidar and radiometric measurements.
Publication Date: Jul 01, 1992
Document ID:
19920021793
(Acquired Nov 07, 1995)
Accession Number: 92N31037
Subject Category: METEOROLOGY AND CLIMATOLOGY
Document Type: Conference Paper
Publication Information: NASA. Langley Research Center, 16th International Laser Radar Conference, Part 2; p 471-473
Publisher Information: United States
Financial Sponsor: NASA; United States
Organization Source: Ecole Polytechnique; Lab. de Meteorologie Dynamique.; Palaiseau, France
Description: 3p; In English
Distribution Limits: Unclassified; Publicly available; Unlimited
Rights: No Copyright
NASA Terms: AIRBORNE EQUIPMENT; BACKSCATTERING; CEILINGS (METEOROLOGY); CLOUD COVER; HISTOGRAMS; INFRARED RADIOMETERS; METEOROLOGY; MONITORS; OCEAN SURFACE; OPTICAL RADAR; PLANETARY BOUNDARY LAYER; RADAR MEASUREMENT; STRATOCUMULUS CLOUDS; WEATHER; ATLANTIC OCEAN; HIGH RESOLUTION; LOW ALTITUDE; OCEANS; PROBABILITY THEORY; REAL TIME OPERATION; SKEWNESS; TIME DEPENDENCE; TIME SIGNALS
Imprint And Other Notes: In NASA. Langley Research Center, 16th International Laser Radar Conference, Part 2 p 471-473 (SEE N92-31013 21-35)
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