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Environment modelling in near Earth space: Preliminary LDEF resultsHypervelocity impacts by space debris cause not only local cratering or penetrations, but also cause large areas of damage in coated, painted or laminated surfaces. Features examined in these analyses display interesting morphological characteristics, commonly exhibiting a concentric ringed appearance. Virtually all features greater than 0.2 mm in diameter possess a spall zone in which all of the paint was removed from the aluminum surface. These spall zones vary in size from approximately 2 - 5 crater diameters. The actual craters in the aluminum substrate vary from central pits without raised rims, to morphologies more typical of craters formed in aluminum under hypervelocity laboratory conditions for the larger features. Most features also possess what is referred to as a 'shock zone' as well. These zones vary in size from approximately 1 - 20 crater diameters. In most cases, only the outer-most layer of paint was affected by this impact related phenomenon. Several impacts possess ridge-like structures encircling the area in which this outer-most paint layer was removed. In many ways, such features resemble the lunar impact basins, but on an extremely reduced scale. Overall, there were no noticeable penetrations, bulges or spallation features on the backside of the tray. On Row 12, approximately 85 degrees from the leading edge (RAM direction), there was approximately one impact per 15 cm(exp 2). On the trailing edge, there was approximately one impact per 72 cm(exp 2). Currently, craters on four aluminum experiment trays from Bay E09, directly on the leading edge are being measured and analyzed. Preliminary results have produced more than 2200 craters on approximately 1500 cm(exp 2) - or approximately 1 impact per 0.7 cm(exp 2).
Document ID
19920021981
Document Type
Conference Paper
Authors
Coombs, C. R. (POD Associates, Inc. Albuquerque, NM, United States)
Atkinson, D. R. (POD Associates, Inc. Albuquerque, NM, United States)
Wagner, J. D. (POD Associates, Inc. Albuquerque, NM, United States)
Crowell, L. B. (POD Associates, Inc. Albuquerque, NM, United States)
Allbrooks, M. (POD Associates, Inc. Albuquerque, NM, United States)
Watts, A. J. (POD Associates, Inc. Albuquerque, NM, United States)
Date Acquired
September 6, 2013
Publication Date
January 1, 1992
Publication Information
Publication: Lunar and Planetary Inst., Twenty-Third Lunar and Planetary Science Conference
Subject Category
SPACECRAFT DESIGN, TESTING AND PERFORMANCE
Distribution Limits
Public
Copyright
Work of the US Gov. Public Use Permitted.
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