Driving of the solar p-modes by radiative pumping in the upper photosphereIt is shown that one viable driver of the solar p-modes is radiative pumping in the upper photosphere where the opacity is dominated by the negative hydrogen ion. This new option is suggested by the similar magnitudes of two energy flows that have been evaluated by independent empirical methods. The similarity indicates that the p-modes are radiatively pumped in the upper photosphere and therefore provide the required nonradiative cooling.
Fontenla, Juan M. (Alabama Univ. Huntsville, AL, United States)
Emslie, A. G. (Alabama, University Huntsville, United States)
Moore, Ronald L. (NASA Marshall Space Flight Center Huntsville, AL, United States)